8: The Ocean - Geosciences

8: The Ocean

What critics think of ‘Ocean’s 8’

Sandra Bullock as Debbie, Cate Blanchett as Lou, Rihanna as Nine Ball, Mindy Kaling as Amita, Awkwafina as Constance, Helena Bonham Carter as Rose, Anne Hathaway as Daphne Kluger, and Sarah Paulson as Tammy in "Ocean's 8," directed by Gary Ross. Warner Bros.

Will “Ocean’s 8,” led by an all-female cast, steal the hearts of critics and audiences?

It’s been more than a decade since Danny Ocean (George Clooney) and his gang of criminals pulled off another heist in 2007’s “Ocean’s Thirteen.” This time, it’s Danny’s sister Debbie Ocean (Sandra Bullock) and a team of women including second-in-command Lou (Cate Blanchett), fashion designer Rose Weil (Helena Bonham Carter), and jeweler Amita (Cambridge native Mindy Kaling) stealing precious jewelry from the Met Gala. A couple of male characters from the “Ocean’s” series make cameo appearances, as well, though the promised appearance from Matt Damon was cut from the film.

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Then there’s the added bonus heist – the museum exhibits. Even if we buy that there’s only one camera in the whole of the exhibition room and Lou and Yen manage to fool it with a selfie stick, that doesn’t change the fact that Debbie, pretending to be a German model, would be seen outside the exhibition room arguing with security while the heist is taking place. As soon as it was discovered that the entire room full of jewels were fakes Debbie and the others would be the first in the frame.

Not to mention the fact that police would know that Claude was responsible for sending Debbie to prison so she’d have the clearest motive for framing him.

On which – Debbie shows John the photo which justifies him searching Claude’s flat – were the police involved wouldn’t they then ask where that photo came from? In this technically advanced era it’s surely possible to trace something like that. This would of course lead to Daphne, who’d actually be a prime suspect for collusion anyway since it was stolen from around her neck (a situation which she was notably unbothered about).

All circumstantial, you say? No proof? Well actually there is. Camera footage would show Debbie, Lou, Amita, Constance, Tammy and Rose all leaving the gala wearing jewellery they didn’t arrive with and in fact it would also show Amita, Constance, Lou and 9-Ball (who wasn’t even there before) in completely different outfits, none of who were guests invited to the gala (also, where did they get changed? Who did their hair and make up so quick?). Since they are all persons of interest and since John has established that the necklace has been broken up to make separate pieces of jewellery it would be common sense to check this, and hey presto! they’d all be in the slammer.

Southern Ocean officially recognized by National Geographic

National Geographic announced Tuesday that it is officially recognizing the Southern Ocean as the Earth's fifth ocean. The announcement was made to coincide with World Oceans Day.

The Southern Ocean is a vital home for marine ecosystems and a focal point for the southern hemisphere. It directly surrounds Antarctica, extending from the continent's coastline to 60 degrees south latitude, excluding the Drake Passage and Scotia Sea. The ocean's borders touch three of the four other oceans that exist on Earth &mdash the Atlantic, Indian and Pacific.

But what makes the Southern Ocean different from the others is that rather than being largely defined by the land that surrounds it, this body of water is unique because of a current that lies within.

The ecological boundary of the Southern Ocean follows a sinuous line around the Antarctic continent called the Antarctic Convergence or polar front pic.twitter.com/eFv7y2DqAQ

&mdash National Geographic (@NatGeo) June 8, 2021

The Southern Ocean's latitudinal boundary of 60 degrees south is roughly the same boundary as the Antarctic Circumpolar Current (ACC), which, according to National Geographic, brings about colder and less salty water than what is found just north of the region. This current, estimated to be approximately 34 million years old, is what makes the ecology of the Southern Ocean so distinct, providing a unique habitat for thousands of species, National Geographic said in its magazine.

The ocean also serves as a vital component of Earth's changing climate. It is Earth's only global current and uses waters from the Atlanta, Pacific and Indian Oceans to transport heat around the planet.

But, National Geographic said that water moving through the ACC is warming, and the society hopes the new recognition will help with conservation efforts. The World Wildlife Fund says on its website that the water's temperatures vary between 10 degrees Celsius and -2 degrees Celsius, and that if the Southern Ocean warms just by 2 degrees, it could reduce ice coverage up to 30% in key areas. Penguins, birds and other animals rely on the ice for breeding.

As described in National Geographic by NOAA marine scientist Seth Sykora-Bodie, the Southern Ocean is unique in that "the glaciers are bluer, the air colder, the mountains more intimidating and the landscapes more captivating than anywhere else you can go."

The frigid Antarctic region is an expanse of white ice and blue waters, as pictured in March, 2017, at the U.S. research facility McMurdo Station. NASA's Operation IceBridge has collected annual measurements of Antarctic ice to track changes and help predict sea level rise. (Chris Larsen/NASA via AP) Chris Larsen / AP

The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) also recognized the Southern Ocean's designation earlier this year, and the U.S. Board on Geographic Names has recognized the ocean since 1999.

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However, National Geographic said in its announcement on Tuesday that scientists around the world have been trying to reach an official designation for years. In 2000, participating countries of The International Hydrographic Organization could not agree on proposed boundaries for the ocean. While the boundaries remain up for debate, many members of the IHO have reached a general consensus that the waters surrounding Antarctica are different. Many members of the IHO, according to National Geographic, have referred to the Southern Ocean as the Antarctic Ocean or the Austral Ocean.

As part of the new designation, National Geographic is updating its maps and atlases, which it began making in 1915, The society said that the ocean will be "treated the same as the traditional four," and that it will be included in what children learn about the world's water.

Our maps are updated. The Southern Ocean is treated the same as the traditional four, and the next quiz question about the number of oceans has an updated official answer from National Geographic&mdashfive!

&mdash National Geographic (@NatGeo) June 8, 2021

The formal recognition of the Southern Ocean came on World Oceans Day, a time designated by the United Nations to raise awareness about the crucial role of the ocean for life on Earth. The world's oceans, which cover more than 70% of the planet, produce at least half of the Earth's oxygen, are home to the majority of the Earth's biodiversity and, according to the U.N., are a key source of food and a key driver of world economies.

First published on June 8, 2021 / 10:00 PM

Seeing as Ocean&aposs 8 had a budget of $70 million and it earned close to$300 million globally, plus it&aposs an established franchise, it&aposs difficult to imagine that another sequel isn&apost in the works.