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Creating shapefile without ArcGIS Desktop?


I have to create a shapefile but I do not have access to ArcGIS Desktop, only to ArcExplorer, which will not allow me to create a shapefile.

What other way can I do this?

I have GRASS but am not familiar with it.


the solution with the minimum learning time is to install QGIS on your computer. Then you go to "Layer > new > New shapefile layer" and you enter the menu for creating a new shapefile.

select the type (point/line/polygon), the coordinate reference system, and optionnally some attributes.

Then I guess that you will want to draw some new feature, so you must activate the digitizing toolbar (right click on toolbars), toggle editing with the pen icon, and start drawing.


If you have coordinates in a CSV file, you could use QGIS andAdd delimited textfor point data.

Or use the MMQGIS plugin to turn that into a line or polygon shapefile.


In addition to open source software such as QGIS, there are many open source tools and libraries that can read/write shapefiles:

OGR/GDAL'sogr2ogrcommand, PostGIS'sshp2pgsqlandpgsql2shp,…

These libraries and tools are often exposed via popular programming languages such as R, Python. So there'srgdal, etc. This page lists some of the R packages you can use to read/write shapefiles.


Create and Manage Metadata in ArcGIS Pro

Metadata allows for the effective sharing of data and knowledge across an organization or a larger community of GIS users. It provides a way to document information about your data so that potential users of that data will be able to see if it is suitable for their needs. For this reason, metadata is essential to the effective use of a GIS.

You can document the content and project items you create and use, including maps, projects, geoprocessing models, and geodatabase datasets. In ArcGIS, metadata is saved with the item it describes. Metadata is saved in a geodatabase for geodatabase items, in a project for project items, and in the file system for file-based items. Once created, metadata is copied, moved, and deleted with the item when it’s managed by ArcGIS.

About This Exercise

This exercise will introduce the metadata tools available in ArcGIS Pro. After downloading the sample project, you can follow along and learn how to document data in ArcGIS Pro. Go to the ArcGIS Online item, Explore Metadata in ArcGIS Pro. Choose Open in ArcGIS Pro to download the item. Click the downloaded item to launch and open it in ArcGIS Pro. If prompted, sign in to ArcGIS Pro using your licensed ArcGIS account.

Note: If you don’t have ArcGIS Pro or an ArcGIS account, you can sign up for a free 21-day ArcGIS trial that includes both ArcGIS Pro and ArcGIS Online.

Checking for Metadata

The ExploreMetadata ArcGIS Pro project opens to display a map containing layers of data for Warren County, Mississippi. It would be useful to know more about the history, completeness, purpose, and accuracy of the data from which the layers in the map were derived. Before investigating the data, let’s check if the project contains any information describing the map.

On the ribbon, on the Project tab, click Options. In the Options pane for Project options, choose Metadata.

Although ArcGIS Pro uses the Item Description metadata style by default, other metadata styles are available that provide access to more of an item’s metadata content, so you will change the metadata style to the Federal Geographic Data Committee (FGDC) Content Standard for Digital Geospatial Metadata (CSDGM). This is a well-known metadata content standard that has been used in North America and around the world for many years.

  1. From the Metadata style drop-down menu, choose FGDC CSDGM Metadata and click OK.
  2. Click the Back button to return to the project.
  3. In the Catalog pane, expand Maps.
  4. In the list of maps, right-click Warren County Mississippi and choose View Metadata.
  5. Close the Catalog pane.

The Catalog pane and the Catalog view are similar. You can manage and browse data in both, but they are designed for different tasks. Although both the Catalog pane and Catalog view can be open at the same time, they operate independently. As you generate new items, they are categorized by type and appear on the Project tab in the Catalog pane as well as in the project collection in the Catalog view. Hint: If you mistakenly close the Catalog view or Catalog pane, you can reopen either from the Windows group on the View tab on the ribbon.

You will use the Catalog view while updating metadata. It displays a details panel with the current metadata for the map. Since you just discovered that the map has no metadata defined, it would be useful to add a summary of the data layers and a description of the symbology and coordinate system used for the map.

Adding Metadata

  1. With the Catalog view open, click the Catalog tab in the ribbon to see the Metadata group. This group contains functionality to edit, import, export, and upgrade metadata.
  2. In the Catalog view, click Geography.
  3. On the ribbon, click the Preview tab, and use the Pan and Zoom tools to update the display extent to Warren County.
    In the Preview group, click Create Thumbnail.
  4. In the Catalog view, click Metadata to review the updated thumbnail in the Details pane.
  5. Next you’ll edit the map metadata. On the ribbon on the Catalog tab, in the Metadata group, click Edit. The Metadata editor pane displays.

Editing Contents Pane Metadata Pages

  1. Open the Contents pane from the View tab if necessary. Note that it displays available metadata categories that may be updated. These categories include overview, metadata, and resources.
  2. In the Metadata editor pane, add the information listed in Table 1.
  3. Set the minimum Appropriate Scale Range to 1:500,000 and the maximum to 1:5,000. Click New Bounding Box. For Bounding Box, click New Bounding Box and type the coordinates in Table 2.

Note: When you author or update metadata content for an ArcGIS item, record the information that is important for your organization to know about that item such as how accurate and recent the item is, restrictions on using and sharing it, and important processes in its life cycle like generalizing features.

  1. On the Metadata tab on the ribbon, click Apply.
  2. On the ribbon, click the Project tab and click Save. By saving the project, all changes made to the project since the last save will be retained, including the edits you made to the Warren County map metadata.
  3. Return to the Catalog view to preview your changes.
  4. Close the Catalog view. Close the Warren County Mississippi Metadata editor pane.

Exploring Geodatabase Metadata

  1. Now that you have updated the metadata for your project map, you’ll review the metadata for the data sources referenced by the map.
  2. If necessary, click the Catalog view to display the ExploreMetadata project items.
  3. In the Catalog view, expand Databases, and expand exploremetadata.gdb.

Right-click the WarrenCounty_Boundary feature class to see its current metadata and review it. Remember, you changed the metadata style and are currently applying the FGDC CSDGM metadata style.

Note the Tags and Description section, which includes the data origin, lineage, and update history. The MARIS Technical Center is the source of this feature class. The center staff appear to have spent considerable time and effort to document this data, thereby making it both useful and searchable.

Scroll down the Details pane until you reach the Extent and Scale Range values. These values have been set correctly.

Scroll down the Details pane until you reach the Spatial Reference section. The projection is defined as mstm, the state of Mississippi specific spatial reference system developed to store geographic data for the entire state in a single projected system.

Scroll down until you reach the Geoprocessing history section. This data source represents a selection made from an original shapefile containing all counties in the state of Mississippi. The fact that the data was originally sourced from a shapefile is a good indicator of possible limitations.

Shapefiles do not contain an x,y tolerance like geodatabase feature classes and don’t support circular arc curves that use a mathematical formula to draw the curve.

Scroll down until you reach the Field section. The fact that the source for this data was a shapefile is a good indicator of potential attribute limitations. The following limitations apply to shapefiles:

  • Field names cannot be longer than 10 characters.
  • The maximum record length for an attribute is 4,000 bytes.
  • Shapefiles do not support BLOB, GUID, global ID, coordinate ID, or raster field types.
  • Null values are not supported.
  • Date fields only support dates and do not support time.
  • By reviewing the field descriptions and field types, you can determine if this data source is constrained by the original shapefile properties.

On your own, investigate the metadata for the additional feature classes in explore metadata.gdb. Change the metadata style and review the differences between both the formatting and the level of detail displayed by each style.

The Value of Metadata

When care is taken to provide good descriptive information, you can find items with a search and evaluate which item in your search results is the correct one to use. You can not only improve communication and have confidence in decisions based on an item’s geospatial information, but you can also archive projects, knowing that the data in those projects can be recovered, evaluated, and used in the future. You can learn more by reading the ArcGIS Pro help topic “View and edit metadata.”

Create Your Own Metadata

When you are ready to update and create metadata for your own projects and data, you can streamline the task by creating a metadata template. An organization-wide metadata template can include basic contact and distribution information and legal restrictions that apply to all items. An organizational template can be the basis for project-specific templates that include the purpose for which the project and its items were created, standard place-names describing the geographic region in which the work takes place, and how the project’s deliverables will be distributed and maintained.

The best way to create a metadata template is to fully document an item and save a copy of its metadata as a template. This process creates a stand-alone metadata XML file that doesn’t include unique identifiers or any content that was added automatically to the item’s metadata. Edit the content of the stand-alone metadata XML file to generalize or remove any remaining content that is specific to the original item. Learn more about metadata by reading the ArcGIS Pro topic “Best practices for editing metadata.”


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Autodesk Revit is building information modelling (BIM) software for design and construction professionals.

Shapefile (SHP)

The Shapefile format is a vector data format that stores the location, geometry, and attributes of geographic features in a set of related files.

FME is the data integration platform with the best support for spatial data. Save time by using its drag-and-drop interface to connect data from hundreds of formats and applications, transform data in limitless ways, and automate virtually any data workflow.


GIS (Geographic Information Systems): Tools

Esri ArcGIS - The leading commercial software for desktop GIS mapping and analysis. One-year licenses are available to all UC Berkeley students, faculty, and staff. The GIF (Geospatial Innovation Facility) provides information and a form for requesting a license. Note: ArcGIS only runs natively on Windows machines.

QGIS - A leading free, open source desktop GIS program. Create, edit, visualize, analyze and publish geospatial information. Runs natively on many operating systems, including Windows and Mac.


ArcGIS works with the following file extensions:

Note: You can click on any file extension link from the list below, to view its detailed information. The list of extensions used or otherwise associated with the application may not be complete, because many common file extensions on our website, such as jpg (pictures) or txt (text files), can be opened by a large number of applications, or are too general file format. However most, if not all directly associated file extensions should be listed with its appropriate program. Although its likely, that some file extensions may be missing from the list of associated file extensions with the application, yet they can be opened, be part of, or otherwise be associated with the program.

ArcGIS default file extension associations

The most common file format used with the specific file extension

.adf file extension is used for ArcView ARC/INFO coverage data

Other file extensions or file formats developed for use with ArcGIS

.000 .001 .002 .004 .3dd .a2e .aga .agv .ama .asa .atx .bgd .bilw .cpg .dt0 .dt1 .dt2 .e00 .ecfg .ecw .efl9 .elf9 .eoo .freelist .gdb .gdbindexes .gdbtable .gdbtablx .gmf .imd .jgw .jpw .las .lasx .lpk .mpk .msd .mxd .mxt .pkinfo .pmf .pwdef .rdf .rlf .sd .sdc .sddraft .sdi .sdlic .sdm .sdwx .ServerStyle .sld .spx .style .sxd .tfwx .timestamp .zig .zlas


[Help] Creating new, blank layers in ArcGIS Pro Desktop

So I'm trying the 60 days free version of ArcGIS pro Desktop to see how it compares to QGIS.

Is there any way to create a new blank layer with no template?. The best I have found is this link, but the only options it talks about are from datasets and from templates. Everything else I googled on polygons with ArcGISpro pretty match starts with "In a new layer, do blah. " without saying how to create a new layer.

I'm frankly surprised that such a trivial task is not immediately apparent or easily findable. QGIS, for all it's faults, has a decently intuitive menu structure and tool bar.

It's not obvious. I played around a little, but if you right click on the default geodatabase (or any geodatabase like in another connected folder) , and choose new, there's an option to create a new feature class. You don't have to use a template. You can just leave blank. image. I'm sure it has it's place, but ArcGIS Pro stinks. (Then again, I thought the same about ArcGIS Desktop when still using workstation)

I tried to create a feature class in the geodatabase like that (why in that same area in the Folders is there no option to create a new shapefile?) but it keeps failing, telling me there are invalid characters in the filename or pathname. I suspect it is the greek Δ (C:UsersCoryDocumentsArcGISProjectsTimeline Δ1849Timeline Δ - 1849Timeline Δ - 1849.gdb)

ArcGISpro is just non-intuitive for a GIS newbie like myself. I never thought Iɽ say this about QGIS, but for all its faults and badly grafted on UI they did get a few things right. Or at least better than ArcGISpro did.

A key thing to understand is what the word layer really means. That's probably why the googling difficultly came up. You want to create a new Feature Class or Shapefile. A layer is merely a reference to a dataset, which controls it's display properties in a map document (ex. Symbology, labelling, definition queries). As with ArcMap, to create anything new, you can right-click on the folder or geodatabase > New to create anything new. There should be a GP tool for it as well.

Yes, I tried searching for creating shapefiles, too, but that is similarly fruitless. Searching for creating a new feature class gives this link as the first one but is about python. Again, lots of links to pages that start their tutorials with "In a new layer/shapefile/whatever. follow this process ot add a new polygon" without ever stating what the process is to create a new shapefile, layer, etc.

When I right click on a folder, the "new" option only gives "Python Toolbox" or "Toolbox", nothing about shapefiles.

It took forever, but I finally found "Geoprocessing". There's stuff for creating feature classes and for turning a feature class into a shapefile, but there is nothing in there about creating new shapefiles.

ArcGIS pro looks slick and all, like MS Word, but like QGIS, it's is really easy to tell that it's just a graphical shell on top of a lot of functionality that descends from a long command-line or batch-processing history, with toolbar buttons as aliases to those things. And, similar to QGIS, but in it's own way, it seems like the developers never really thought about how a graphical, visual environment is different from a command-line one, hence why the toolbar buttons just feel like aliases to scripts.

End result, a newbie finds things confusing or impossible to do because trivial, seemingly common tasks apparently require in-depth, "industry specific" knowledge (for lack of a better term) instead of being intuitively obvious from the program's UI.


Spatial Data & Maps

NEON spatial data layers and maps are openly available for you to explore and download. These include shapefiles, kml/kmz files, and printable maps. Shapefiles can be opened in a GIS program like QGIS, ArcGIS, or a programming language like R or Python using GDAL libraries. KMZ files can be opened directly in Google Earth.

Access ESRI ArcGIS Online

NEON spatial data layers and maps are openly available through ArcGIS Online.

Interactive Story Maps are also available to explore domains and sites.

If you have an ArcGIS account, you can view additional NEON maps, layers and apps available within ArcGIS Online. If you don’t have an ArcGIS Online account, you can create and sign in to an ArcGIS public account using an ArcGIS login or a social login (Facebook and Google). An ArcGIS public account is designed for personal, noncommercial use. With a free public account you can create your own maps, store, and manage geospatial content, share content, and access content shared by Esri, NEON, and GIS users around the world. Just search the keyword “NEON” from your ArcGIS Online home page.

Quick Downloads

This is a selection of our most popular maps and spatial data files. For more, visit the AGOL portal.

Domain Polygons

A polygon shapefile defining NEON's domain boundaries. Coordinate Reference system: Geographic WGS 84. Last updated May 2019.

Field Site Poster With Index

A high-resolution poster (29 MB) of the NEON field sites map (max. size 30" x 18") with an index of all field sites and IDs. Or download the low-resolution version (2 MB). Last updated May 2020.

Field Site Poster Without Index

A high-resolution poster (24 MB) of the NEON field sites map (max. size 36" x 24") that includes field site IDs on the map but no index of field sites. Last updated May 2019.

Field Site Locations

This KMZ file contains Domain boundaries, point locations for NEON tower locations, and both aquatic and terrestrial sampling boundaries. Version 17, last updated May 2020.

Terrestrial Observation System Sampling Locations

This shapefile describes monitoring locations for plants, insects, ticks, soils, soil microbes, small mammals and birds, measured by NEON's Terrestrial Observation Systems (TOS) team. Or download this KMZ version. Coordinate Reference system: Geographic WGS 84. Version 8, last updated June 2020.

Terrestrial Field Site Boundaries

This shapefile contains the polygon boundary (extent) of NEON terrestrial and co-located aquatic field sites but does not contain boundaries for non co-located aquatic field sites. Coordinate Reference system: Geographic WGS 84. Last updated May 2020.


  1. Zip the files that comprise the shapefile you want to upload into a ZIP archive (.zip) using the standard ZIP file creation tools on your computer.

The ZIP archive must contain the .shp, .shx, .dbf, and .prj files that comprise the shapefile.

If your ArcGIS Online account is part of an organization, and your organization administrator has granted you permissions for publishing, an option to store the features in the map or to create a feature service will be displayed. If you choose to create a feature service, options are also displayed to set a title, summary, and tags, and specify the folder in which to create the new service. Ask your organization administrator for more information about publishing to a feature service.

  • Generalize features for web display (default): Features are generalized when they are imported. This option can help improve performance of your map by reducing the number of similar points in a polygon or polyline shapefile, without changing the visible appearance of the features for the scales at which the map can be displayed.
  • Keep original features: Features are imported to the map exactly as they are defined in the shapefile. (Data is still reprojected to the coordinate system used by the map.)

After importing is complete, the data is shown in the map using a default symbol.

Configuring imported data

After you have imported your data, you can configure it to be displayed and behave the way that you want:

Tips on importing shapefiles

  • There is a 1000 feature limit on features imported to the map. You can import files with more than 1000 features only if your account is part of an organization in ArcGIS Online, you have publishing permissions for the organization, and you are publishing to a hosted feature service.
  • The ZIP archive must contain the .shp, .shx, .dbf, and .prj files that comprise the shapefile.
  • There should only be one shapefile in a ZIP archive.
  • The ZIP archive must be no larger than 10 MB in size.
  • The files must be stored directly in the root (the central directory) of the ZIP archive, not in directories within the archive. If your ZIP file viewer shows Path information, the Path should be blank.
  • You can import standard compressed archive .zip files other compression formats are not supported at this time.
  • The name of the new layer is the same as the name of the .zip file you imported. You can rename the file before uploading, or alternatively rename the layer once you have imported it.
  • You cannot import shapefiles containing multi patch or multipoint geometries.
  • The shapefile should contain valid geometries. Currently, self-intersections in polygon shapefile are not supported.

If you have ArcGIS Desktop, you can use the Repair Geometry tool to correct invalid geometries in shapefiles.


Troubleshooting Slow Performance in ArcGIS for Desktop

by LucasDanzinger

A common question that I see in Desktop Support is “Why is ArcMap performing so slowly?” This can be a particularly tricky question as the answer depends on so many factors. For some, the answer is related to having a DEM with ½ centimeter accuracy turned on for the entire contiguous U.S., along with parcels, hydrology, streets network, and land use data for an entire county, with a 50% transparency set to each layer. Of course this example is an exaggeration, but it is true that we (myself included) expect our computers to handle whatever we throw at them and still get optimal performance. While the solution to the question can sometimes be to reduce the amount of layers ArcMap needs to draw, there can be times where the analyses that we are running are completely reasonable and the performance that we are experiencing is not. Here are several troubleshooting steps that resolve a lot of performance related issues that I see in Desktop Support.


ArcGIS Pro Key Features:

Some of the features of ESRI ArcGIS Desktop are:

  • Professional geographical data analysis application
  • As well as, supports deploying geographical data and maps
  • Similarly, creating maps with minimum efforts
  • Including, ability to process maps data
  • So, analyze information, display graphs and generate results. You Can Also Download Deep Freeze 8 Crack Full FREE

  • Handle statistical data and manage information
  • Building process models and scripts
  • Use spatial information and descriptive data to create maps
  • Comprises of ArcCatalog, Arcmap, Arcscene, and Arctoolbox modules

There are several base maps already built-in the application, so you can easily choose the one you want to view or work on. Featuring aerial views, topography or street maps, the program is also ready to receive input in the form of ArcGIS layers, text and image overlays.

System Requirements:

Before downloading the ESRI ArcGIS Desktop Serial number, make sure that your system meets the given requirements.

  • Operating System: Windows 10/8/7
  • Free Hard Disk Space: 10 GB of minimum free HDD
  • Installed Memory: 4 GB of minimum RAM
  • Processor: Intel Multi-Core Processor or higher

Supported Languages are:

  • Arabic, Chinese, Czech, English, Finnish, French, German, Hebrew, Italian, Japanese, Korean, Polish, Portuguese, Russian, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish
  • It is quite user-friendly. Variety of functions and intuitive interface. Not ridiculously huge software that I can use on my laptop (intel i5 processor) without major lag times. Many different geoprocessing tools that will be useful in my research.

How to Use Activate or Cracked??

  • First of all, download the full setup from the given link.
  • Unpack download folder and extracts the files.
  • Execute the executable file.
  • After installation, Turn off your internet connection.
  • Open the keygen folder and run the keygen file.
  • Generate the Activation material.
  • Copy the keygen/serial/patch
  • Insert into the activation window.
  • ArcGIS Crack is now working and the application has activated.
  • Finally, enjoy the latest version

To conclude, it’s safe to say that with the help of ArcGIS Explorer, all users will be able to find and take a close look at a variety of places worldwide, while having the possibility to personalize maps and save them for others to explore and use as they please.


Watch the video: Making a new polygon shapefile in ArcMap (September 2021).